Kiezebrink

Zoo database

At Kiezebrink we aim to develop, produce and supply healthy and responsible animal nutrition to the highest level of quality. We think that reliable nutritional information and advice should be available for everyone.

For this reason, we have created an open-source database filled with nutritional information on commonly seen animals in zoos. Using the shared knowledge from professionals within the zoo industry and literature, we have identified each animal’s natural diet and formulated nutritionally balanced captive diets. Making sure that your animals receive the right nutrients is essential in maintaining their health and welfare. Please be aware that our database only serves as an advisory guideline. The most optimal diet is strongly dependent on various factors such as: age of an animal, activity level, seasonal fluctuations and more. Therefore, when changing diets, professional supervision on the health and welfare of the animal is always required. With this database, we aim to provide a service towards zoos, giving them information and additional advice to formulate the optimal diet. For additional questions, please contact us to make sure your animals get the best!

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Meerkat

Suricata suricatta


Omnivores

Rhinoceros hornbill

Buceros rhinoceros


Birds

Common Leopard Gecko

Eublepharis macularius


Reptiles

Northern bald ibis

Geronticus eremita


Birds

Impala

Aepyceros melampus


Browsers and Grazers

Barbary macaques

Macaca sylvanus


Primates

  • Hanuman langur
  • Red-shanked douc langur
  • Black-shanked douc langur
  • Ebony langur
  • Gray langur
  • Silvered langur
  • Delavour’s langur
  • Francois’s langur
  • Golden langur
  • Nilgiri langur
  • Capped leaf monkey
  • Dusky leaf monkey
  • Banded leaf money
  • White fronted-leaf monkey
  • Hose’s leaf monkey
  • Mitered leaf monkey

Leaf monkeys/langurs

Trachypithecus/Colobinae


Primates

Elephas maximus

Loxodonta africana

Elephant

Elephas maximus & Loxodonta africana


Browsers and Grazers

Common Hippo

Hippopotamus amphibius


Browsers and Grazers

Rabbit

Oryctolagus cuniculus


Small herbivores

  • Pleco
  • Mary fish
  • Butterfly Cichlid
  • Anchovy

Herbivorous fish

Spp.


Fish

Clouded leopard

Neofelis nebulosa


Predators

Red-crested turaco

Tauraco erythrolophus


Birds

Ostrich

Struthio camelus


Birds

Chimpanzee

Pan troglodytes


Primates

Crested caracara

Caracara plancus


Birds of prey

Scimitar-horned Oryx

Oryx dammah


Browsers and Grazers

Baird's tapir (Tapirus bairdii),

Malayan tapir (Tapirus indicus),

Mountain tapir (Roulin's tapir),

Northern lowland-tapir (Tapirus terrestris terrestris),

South American tapir (Tapirus terrestris)

Tapir

Tapirus spp.


Browsers and Grazers

Galapagos land iguana

Conolophus subcristatus


Reptiles

Gray wolf

Canis lupus


Predators

Crested partridge

Rollulus rouloul


Birds

Striped skunk

Mephitis mephitis


Omnivores

African grey parrot

Psittacus erithacus


Birds

Green Iguana

Iguana iguana


Reptiles

Scarlet ibis

Eudocimus ruber


Birds

Okapi

Okapi johnstoni


Browsers and Grazers

Pygmy marmoset

Silvery marmoset

Buffy tufted-ear marmoset

Buffy-headed marmoset

White-fronted marmoset

White-eared marmoset

Black-tufted marmoset

Gummivorous marmosets and tamarins

Callitrichidae spp.


Primates

Hamadryas baboon

Papio hamadryas


Primates

Nutria

Myocastor coypus


Small herbivores

Pygmy Hippo

Choerpsis liberiensis


Browsers and Grazers

Guinea pig

Cavia porcellus


Small herbivores

  • Tiger Fish
  • Goldfish
  • American cichlid
  • African Cichlid
  • Guppy
  • Angelfish
  • Barbs
  • Catfish (juv.)
  • Danios/Minnows
  • Gouramis
  • Hatchets
  • Livebearers
  • Rainbowfish
  • Rasboras

Omnivorous fish

Spp.


Fish

Dwarf mongoose

Helogale parvula


Omnivores

Greater rhea

Rhea americana


Birds

Bali myna

Leucopsar rothschildi


Birds

White-faced saki

Pithecia pithecia


Primates

Sloth bear

Melursus ursinus


Insectivores

Reindeer

Rangifer tarandus


Browsers and Grazers

Donkey

Equus asinus


Browsers and Grazers

Green sea turtles

Chelonia mydas


Reptiles

African wild dog

Lycaon pictus


Predators

Helmeted guineafowl

Numida meleagris


Birds

  • Six-banded armadillo (Euphractus sexcinctus)
  • Big hairy armadillo (Chaetophractus villosus)
  • Southern three-banded armadillo (Tolypeutes matacus)

Armadillo

Dasypodidae spp.


Omnivores

  • Southern cassowary
  • Northern cassowary
  • Dwarf cassowary

Cassowary

Casuarius spp.


Birds

Komodo Dragon

Varanus komodoensis


Reptiles

Great white pelican

Pelecanus onocrotalus


Birds

  • Greater kudu
  • Lesser kudu
  • Bongo
  • Nyala
  • Harnessed bushbuck
  • Cape bushbuck
  • Sitatunga

Horned antelopes

Tragelaphus spp.


Browsers and Grazers

Brown-headed spider monkey

Ateles fusciceps


Primates

  • Brown titi monkey
  • Chestnut-bellied titi monkey
  • Ashy gray titi monkey
  • Red titi monkey
  • Bolivian gray titi monkey
  • Hershkovitz’s titi monkey
  • Hoffmann’s titi monkey
  • Bolivian titi monkey
  • Dusky titi monkey
  • Andean titi monkey
  • Beni titi monkey
  • Masked titi monkey
  • Collared titi monkey

Titi monkeys

Callicebus spp.


Primates

Rodrigues fruit bat

Pteropus rodricensis


Small herbivores

Bennett's wallaby

Macropus rufogriseus


Browsers and Grazers

Black-tailed prairie dog

Cynomys ludovicianus


Small herbivores

  • Cownose rays
  • Southern stingrays
  • Spotted eagle rays
  • Blue spotted rays
  • Leopard rays
  • Freshwater stingrays

Stingrays

Myliobatoidei spp.


Fish

Spotted hyena

Crocuta crocuta


Predators

European white stork

Ciconia ciconia


Birds

Sulcata tortoise

Centrochelys sulcata


Reptiles

Red-ruffed lemur

Varecia rubra


Primates

  • Walrus
  • California sea lion
  • Steller sea lion
  • Harp seal
  • Hooded seal
  • Gray seal

Pinnipeds

Odobenus rosmarus/Otariinae/Pinnipedia


Fish Eaters

Chinese muntjac

Muntiacus reevesi


Browsers and Grazers

White rhinoceros

Ceratotherium simum


Browsers and Grazers

Diamondback terrapin

Malaclemmys terrapin


Reptiles

Cheetah

Acinonyx jubatus


Predators

Emu

Dromaius novaehollandiae


Birds

Western Lowland Gorilla

Gorilla gorilla gorilla


Primates

Harris hawk

Parabuteo unicinctus


Birds of prey

Royal Python

Python regius


Reptiles

Little egret

Egretta garzetta


Birds

  • Black wildebeest
  • Blue wildebeest

Wildebeest / gnu

Connochaetes spp.


Browsers and Grazers

Squirrel monkey

Saimiri


Primates

Ring-tailed coati

Nasua nasua


Omnivores

Tammar wallaby

Macropus eugenii


Browsers and Grazers

Two-toed Sloth

Choloepus spp.


Small herbivores

  • Nurse shark
  • Hammerhead shark
  • Bull shark
  • Sand tiger shark
  • Bamboo shark
  • Epaulette shark
  • Horn shark
  • Zebra shark
  • Blacktip reef shark
  • Whitetip reef shark

Sharks

Selachimorpha


Fish Eaters

Giant anteater

Myrmecophaga tridactyla


Insectivores

Blue-and-yellow macaw

Ara ararauna


Birds

Bottlenose dolphin

Tursiops truncatus


Fish Eaters

Golden lion tamarin

Black lion tamarin

Black-faced lion tamarin

Golden-headed lion tamarin

Red-handed tamarin

Black-handed tamarin

Black and white tassel-ear marmoset

Black-mantled tamarin

Frugivorous marmosets and tamarins

Callitrichidae spp.


Primates

  • Bornean orangutan
  • Sumatran orangutan

Orangutan

Pongo spp.


Primates

Zebra

Equus quagga


Browsers and Grazers

Black rhinoceros

Diceros bicornis


Browsers and Grazers

  • Aldabra tortoises
  • Galapagos tortoise

Giant tortoises

Aldabrachelys gigantea/Chelonoidis niger


Reptiles

Panthera leo leo
Panthera leo persica

Lion

Panthera leo


Predators

Red-crowned crane

Grus japonensis


Birds

Cattle egret

Bubulcus ibis


Birds

Ring-tailed lemur

Lemur catta


Primates

  • Bald eagle
  • White-tailed eagle
  • African fish eagle
  • Steller's sea eagle
  • White-bellied sea eagle

Piscivorous eagles

Aquila


Birds of prey

Oriental small-clawed otter

Aonyx cinereus


Fish Eaters

Banteng

Bos javanicus


Browsers and Grazers

Eurasian eagle-owl

Bubo bubo


Birds of prey

Mandarin duck

Aix galericulata


Birds

Swamp wallaby

Wallabia bicolor


Browsers and Grazers

Red panda

Ailurus fulgens


Small herbivores

  • Toco toucan
  • Green-billed toucan
  • Channel-billed toucan
  • Citron-throated toucan
  • Choco toucan
  • Keel-billed toucan
  • White-throated toucan
  • Yellow-throated toucan

Toucans

Ramphastos spp.


Birds

Hermann’s Tortoise

Testudo hermanni


Reptiles

Humboldt penguin

Spheniscus humboldti


Fish Eaters

Yellow mongoose

Cynictis penicillata


Omnivores

Snethlage's marmoset

Black-chinned emperor tamarin

Bearded emperor tamarin

Black-tailed marmoset

Aripuanã marmoset

Pied tamarin

Saddle-back tamarin

Red-bellied tamarin

Moustached tamarin spp.

Cotton-top tamarin 

Wied’s black tufted-ear marmoset

Goeldi’s monkey

Intermediate marmosets and tamarins

Callitrichidae spp.


Primates

  • White-browed gibbon
  • Dark-handed gibbon
  • Kloss’s gibbon
  • White-handed gibbon
  • Capped gibbon
  • Golden-cheeked gibbon
  • Chinese white-cheeked gibbon
  • Silvery Javan gibbon
  • Mueller’s Bornean gibbon
  • Black gibbon

Gibbons

Hylobates spp.


Primates

Common warthog

Phacochoerus africanus


Browsers and Grazers

Giraffe

Giraffa ssp.


Browsers and Grazers

Asian rhinoceros

Rhinoceros unicornis


Browsers and Grazers

Red fox

Vulpes vulpes


Omnivores

Eurasian lynx

Lynx lynx


Predators

Atlantic puffin

Fratercula arctica


Birds

Hamerkop

Hamerkop


Birds

Brown bear

Ursus arctos


Omnivores

  • Golden eagle
  • Harpy eagle
  • Steppe eagle
  • Wedge-tailed eagle
  • Bonelli's eagle
  • Martial eagle

Carnivorous eagles

Aquila


Giant otter

Pteronura brasiliensis


Fish Eaters

  • Southern pudu
  • Northern pudu

Pudu

Pudu spp.


Browsers and Grazers

Griffon vulture

Gyps fulvus


Birds of prey

Greater flamingo

Phoenicopterus roseus


Birds

Red kangaroo

Macropus rufus


Browsers and Grazers

Crested porcupine

Hystrix spp.


Small herbivores

Lories and Lorikeets

Lorinae spp.


Birds

Gila Monster

Heloderma suspectum


Reptiles

African penguin

Spheniscus demersus


Fish Eaters

Leopard

Panthera pardus


Predators

Siamang

Symphalangus syndactylus


Primates

Gelada

Theropithecus gelada


Primates

Red River Hog

Potamochoerus porcus


Browsers and Grazers

Camel & Dromedary

Camelus bactrianus & Camelus dromedarius


Browsers and Grazers

Tamandua

T. tetradactyla


Insectivores

  • Piranha
  • Spindle Hap Cichlid
  • Arowana
  • Leopard catfish
  • Bettas
  • Discus

Carnivorous fish

Spp.


Fish

Siberian tiger

Panthera tigris altaica


Predators

Red-legged seriema

Cariama cristata


Birds

Pied avocet

Recurvirostra avosetta


Birds

Golden-bellied capuchin

Sapajus xanthosternos


Primates

Common kestrel

Falco tinnunculus


Birds of prey

California sea lion

Zalophus californianus


Fish Eaters

Capybara

Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris


Browsers and Grazers

  • Llama
  • Vicuna
  • Guanaco
  • Suri alpaca
  • Huacaya alpaca

Lamas/alpacas

Lama spp.


Browsers and Grazers

Snowy owl

Bubo scandiacus


Birds of prey

Indian peafowl

Pavo cristatus


Birds

Sugar glider

Petaurus breviceps


Small herbivores